Have you already heard of an agricultural organism? And biodynamic farming? But what they really mean and what they consist of?
Biodynamic agriculture is an agriculture that considers all the elements as part of a single organism. It is not only the plant and the soil, but also the fertilizer, the insects and the micro-organisms that revolve around and which play an essential role.
To better understand the concept of biodynamic agriculture, we need to understand what the agricultural organism is. This article aims to explain in a simple and clear way what is the agricultural orgnism and why this way of understanding agriculture is important.
The farm as an organism
As already mentioned, biodynamic agriculture sees the farm as a single organism of which all elements are part. Imagine a farm like the human body. Imagine that the cultivated fields are vital organs, as well as the animals. Then there are the meadows, the waters, the spontaneous flora, the man, the microorganisms that play an important role for the health and the balance of this organism. If an organ is ill, the causes may be due to deficiency or abuse of an element. The consequence is that the whole organism with a diseased organ makes a lot more effort. In short, if the desease affects only one element, this malaise, in a completely natural way, extends to the whole organism.
Where is agricultural activity different?
The agricultural activity changes because it is more meticulous, more careful not to alter anything of this small ecosystem. For example, if a plant is sick, in traditional agriculture this is considered a problem to be solved. So we try to save the plant by using chemicals products.
In biodynamic farming, on the other hand, the disease of a single plant is not considered a single problem, but a problem that involves the entire agricultural organism. The concept that comes out is that taking care of the single plant is not enough, because from the illness of an organ sigolo the whole body comes out weakened. The same is done for troubleshooting. If you subject the sick plant to a chemical treatment to make it heal, this affects many other elements. For example, this treatment could kill small animals, insects and micro-organisms that are fundamental to the whole organism.
The goal of agriculture when the organism is sick in one of its elements is to look for the cause, to identify the errors committed in cultivation, with the aim of saving the whole organism by limiting the maximum use of chemicals (and even natural) that are harmful. A healthy organism is hardly susceptible to disease and parasites.
The importance of a closed ecosystem
What does the closed ecosystem mean? And why is it important? What we have understood is that in an agricultural organism all the elements are important and balanced on their own. Agriculture is life that is born grows and dies, and then reborn. Here we must create a sort of wheel that turns and keeps that balance unaltered. The fertilizer that is used is of fundamental importance. Vegetable composting must be self-produced in biodynamic agriculture. Plants that end their life cycle do not exhaust their task in the agricultural organism and feed the soil for the plants that will come.
Why? The answer is very simple. A plant that grows in a certain land and in a certain environment will have important characteristics that the environment and the land have transferred to it. So the elements that have the plant had will return to the soil and environment. In practice, composting made with vegetable waste of the agricultural activity is as if it were “recognized” by the soil and therefore assimilated faster and better.
The same applies to the manure. The manure we use to fertilize the fields has the same function. If there is the possibility it is better that this is the final result of the grasses of the fields that have fed the animals. That manure will have characteristics that the soil will recognize as its own.